Open Think Tank
2 Mar 2015
7 Feb 2015
Germany argues to pursue a ethically driven international policy when dealing with the export of arma. Its behaviour nevertheless contradicts its rhetoric as Berlin does indeed export weaponry to states that do violate international norms and principles. This fact is proven by its own Military Equipment Export Reports. Weiterlesen..
5 Feb 2015
The paper deals with the discrepancy between the societies’ view, in terms of moral standards, on the export of arms and the actual standards in this field. Furthermore I am going to prove that the handling of the export of weapons is directly related to our own moral standards. In relation to business ethics I will conclude that thus there has to be a change either in the circumstances of these exports or in the support of such in general. Weiterlesen..
30 Jan 2015
Urban living is the dominant lifestyle of the future. By 2050, two thirds of the world population will live in cities. In the next two decades, the number of people living in urban spaces will grow by 1.4 million a week. Therefore, the current preparations for the UN-Habitat III conference in 2016, where a “New Urban Agenda“ will be established, are of utmost importance. Weiterlesen..
28 Jan 2015
Determinants of Arms Export Decision-Making: Enhancing Compliance through the Informational Endowment of Domestic Interest Groups
(Deutsch) How to ensure that arms transfers contribute to the internal and external stability of importers and at the same time support human rights and democratization processes – instead of deteriorating the former and hampering the later? This essay outlines a theoretically derived proposition for a way to increase compliance with arms export regulations. I argue that weak international institutions could be strengthened by NGO activity, increasing transparency, and enabling national interest groups to act as domestic compliance mechanisms.
10 Feb 2015
2 Feb 2015
Do arms exports lead to more violence or can they contribute to establishing peace? Opinions on that question differ significantly, and existing data only allows drawing an inconclusive picture. The controversies about German military support for the Kurdish Peshmerga are a recent example of this antagonism and highlight the ethical difficulties policy-makers face when confronted with decisions about arms proliferation. IFAIR, in collaboration with the Chair of Empirical Political Research and Policy Analysis of LMU Munich, put together a panel of experts from think tanks and academia to learn about the potential of scientific research to help us out in this dilemma. The panellists emphasized the need of more systematic and quantitative studies in order to contribute to an evidence-based peace science. Weiterlesen..